Communication of acceptance & its rules in contracts


An offer, its acceptance, and its revocation (withdrawal) is to be complete when it must be communicated. When the contracting parties are face to face and negotiate in person, a contract comes into existence the movement the offeree gives his absolute and unqualified acceptance to the proposal made by the offeror.

The following are the rules regarding communication of acceptance:-

1) Communication of an acceptance is complete:-

a) As against the proposer/offeror when it is put into the certain course of transmission to him, so as to be out of the power of the acceptor.

b) As against the acceptor, when it comes to knowledge of the proposer.

2) When a proposal is accepted by a letter sent by post the communication of acceptance will be complete:-

a) As against the proposer when the letter of acceptance is posted and

b) As against the acceptor when the letter reaches the proposer.

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