Laws For Insulting Words; Gestures and Provoking Under Indian Penal Code.

  • Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code
Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code lays down the punishment for obscene acts or words in public. The other sections of the Indian Penal code which deal with obscenity are 292 and 293. The law does not clearly define what would constitute an obscene act, but it would enter the domain of the state only when it takes place in a public place to the annoyance of others.
  • Section 509.   Word, gesture, or act intended to insult the modesty of a woman.

Whoever, intending to insult the modesty of any woman, utters any words, makes any sound or gesture, or exhibits any object, intending that such word or sound shall be heard, or that such gesture or object shall be seen, by such woman, or intrudes upon the privacy of such woman, 1 [shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and also with fine].


- Chhattisgarh

After Section 509 of the Penal Code, the following shall be inserted, namely: --

"509A. Sexual harassment by a relative.--Whoever, being related to a woman through blood, adoption, or marriage, and not being her husband, takes the advantage of his proximity and induces, seduces, or threatens such woman with intent to insult her modesty by word, gesture or act shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to five years and shall also liable to fine.

509B. Sexual harassment by electronic mode.--Whoever, by means of telecommunication device or by any other electronic mode including internet, makes creates, solicits or initiates the transmission of any comment, request, suggestion, proposal, image or other communication, which is obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy or indecent with intent to harass or cause or having knowledge that it would harass or cause annoyance or mental agony to a woman shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but may extend to two years and shall also be liable to fine."

1. Subs. by Act 13 of 2013, s. 10, for "shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both" 
  • Section 504 Indian Penal Code- Intentional insult with intent to provoke breach of the peace.

Section 504 IPC as defined in the code provides punishment to, “whoever intentionally insults, and thereby gives provocation to any person, intending or knowing it to be likely that such provocation will cause him to break the public peace, or to commit any other offense, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both”.

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