The Significance of Abettors in Indian Law: An Overview


An abettor is someone who helps or encourages another person to commit a crime. This can be done in several ways, including:

  • Instigating the crime: This means urging or persuading someone to commit a crime.
  • Aiding the crime: This means providing practical assistance to someone who is committing a crime, such as driving them to the scene of the crime or providing them with a weapon.
  • Conspiring to commit the crime: This means agreeing with another person to commit a crime together.

Abetment is a serious offence in India and can be punished with the same penalty as the main crime itself.

Here are some of the key sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) that deal with abetment:

  • Section 108: This section defines abetment as "whoever abets any offence shall, if the act abetted is committed in consequence of the abetment, and no express provision is made for the punishment of such abetment, be punished with the punishment provided for the offence."
  • Section 109: This section outlines the different ways in which a person can abet an offence.
  • Section 110: This section deals with the punishment for abetment.


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