Key Elements to Know about Abduction


Section 362 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) defines abduction as:

"Whoever by force compels, or by any deceitful means induces, any person to go from any place, is said to abduct that person."

Key Elements:

  • Force or Deceit: Abduction involves either forcefully compelling someone to go somewhere or deceitfully inducing them to do so. Mere movement without either element doesn't constitute abduction.
  • Lack of Consent: The key factor is the person's lack of free and voluntary consent to be moved.
  • No Specific Intent: Simple abduction itself is not punishable under the IPC. However, it becomes an offense when done with a specific criminal intent as prescribed in subsequent sections (363 to 374).

Examples of Offenses:

The following sections of the IPC outline various abduction-related offenses, each with its own punishment:

  • Kidnapping for Ransom (Section 363): Imprisonment of up to 7 years and fine.
  • Kidnapping for Wrongful Confinement (Section 365): Imprisonment of up to 7 years and fine.
  • Kidnapping or Abducting a Woman to Compel Her Marriage (Section 366): Imprisonment of up to 10 years and fine.
  • Kidnapping or Abducting for Slavery (Section 370): Imprisonment for life and fine.
  • Kidnapping or Abducting a Child Under 10 for Stealing (Section 369): Imprisonment of up to 7 years and fine.

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