Laws Governing AI Usage in India: Exploring Legal Frameworks


While there is currently no comprehensive AI-specific legislation in India, several existing laws and regulations govern various aspects of AI development and deployment. These laws and regulations address issues such as data privacy, intellectual property rights, cybersecurity, and algorithmic bias.

Key existing laws and regulations relevant to AI in India:

  1. Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act): This act provides a framework for regulating electronic governance, including the use of AI in government services. It also includes provisions for data privacy and cybersecurity.

  2. Copyright Act, 1957: This act protects intellectual property rights, including copyright for AI software and algorithms.

  3. Indian Patents Act, 1970: This act provides for the protection of inventions, including AI-related inventions.

  4. Indian Contract Act, 1872: This act governs the formation and performance of contracts, which can be relevant to AI-related agreements.

  5. Competition Act, 2002: This act prohibits anti-competitive practices, which can be relevant to AI-related market dominance.

  6. Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019: This proposed bill aims to establish a comprehensive framework for the protection of personal data, including data collected and processed by AI systems.

  7. National Artificial Intelligence Policy, 2019: This policy outlines the government's approach to promoting and regulating AI in India.

In addition to these existing laws and regulations, the Indian government is also working on developing a comprehensive AI regulatory framework. In 2020, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) released the "Report of the Committee on Artificial Intelligence" which recommended the establishment of an AI Regulatory Authority. The government is currently considering the recommendations of this report and is expected to finalize a comprehensive AI regulatory framework in the near future.

The evolving nature of AI technology and its potential impact across various sectors necessitate a proactive approach to regulation. India's ongoing efforts to develop a comprehensive AI regulatory framework are crucial for ensuring the safe, responsible, and ethical development and deployment of AI in the country.

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