Explained: The Legal Status and Governing Law of Ragging in India


Ragging in India is a serious offense with specific laws governing its prevention and punishment. Here's a breakdown of the legal status:


  • Ragging is illegal in all educational institutions in India. This includes schools, colleges, universities, and vocational training centers.
  • Two main laws govern ragging in India:
    • The Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997: This Act defines ragging, outlines various forms of ragging, and prescribes penalties for offenders.
    • The UGC Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging in Higher Educational Institutions, 2009:These regulations provide specific guidelines for institutions to prevent and address ragging, including anti-ragging committees, reporting mechanisms, and disciplinary actions.

Punishments for Ragging:

  • The Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997, prescribes various punishments for ragging, including:
    • Imprisonment for up to two years or fine of up to Rs. 10,000 or both.
    • Suspension or expulsion from the educational institution.
    • Cancellation of admission or scholarship.
    • Debarment from future admission to any educational institution in India.
    • Collective punishment for institutions failing to prevent ragging.
  • The UGC Regulations, 2009, further emphasize strict action against ragging, including:
    • Suspension or expulsion for first-time offenders.
    • Direct expulsion for repeat offenders.
    • Blacklisting of offenders from educational institutions.
    • Holding institution heads accountable for failing to prevent ragging.

Additional Measures:

  • Anti-ragging committees: Every educational institution must have an anti-ragging committee to address complaints, investigate incidents, and recommend appropriate action.
  • Awareness campaigns: Institutions are required to conduct awareness campaigns about ragging and its consequences.
  • Helplines and reporting mechanisms: Toll-free helplines and accessible reporting mechanisms must be available for victims to report ragging incidents.


Ragging is a serious offense with significant legal consequences in India. Both the Prohibition of Ragging Act, 1997, and the UGC Regulations, 2009, provide a strong framework for prevention, reporting, and punishment of ragging. Educational institutions have a responsibility to implement these measures effectively to create a safe and secure environment for all students.

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